We take care of ourselves so much yet end up neglecting one important aspect of us- Our personal genital hygiene- Some due to carelessness and some due to ignorance. What we don’t realize is that by following some small measures we can prevent a lot of troubles later on. Most of the infections down there are due to poor hygiene. So here I am listing you out all the latest guidelines recommended by Middle east and Central Asia relating to genital hygiene which covers up all aspects mostly:


  • Use of bar soaps with alkaline pH should be avoided.
  • Use of liquid soaps with lactic acid is known to maintain the skin pH and aid in effective development and maintenance of the skin cells- Use restricted to external use, not for vaginal douching.
  • Tissue and wipes can also be considered for cleansing.
  • Women may use odor controlling products like feminine deodorant sprays, body splashes, fragrances and feminine suppositories.
  • Talcum powder for odor control can be used.


  • Inserting a device inside vagina for flushing liquids inside is known as vaginal douching.
  • Not recommended!


  • Cotton undergarments only- breathable and renders circulation of air around external genitalia.
  • Change undergarments regularly.
  • Scented and colored toilet paper not recommended.


Vaginal pH turns alkaline due to menstruation which causes heavy growth of non lactobacillus during day 1-5 of menstrual cycle.
Your vaginal flora gets instable due to this bacterial growth.

  • Tampons (tubes inserted in vagina), sanitary napkins and menstrual cups can be used.
  • Tampons and napkins shouldn’t be used for more than 6 hours.
  • Menstrual cups can be kept in place for 24 hours.


Sexual intercourse can lead to transmission of bacteria, discharge, sweat, menses, urine and fecal waste into female genitals

  • Prior to intercourse, clean external genitalia- vulva, folds of labia, clitoris.
  • Dry the area properly.
  • Avoid unnecessary cleaning and use of perfumes directly on skin.


  • Pass urine.
  • Clean the secretions.
  • Dry the external genitalia.
  • Wear comfortable undergarments.


  • Shaving, trimming, clipping, depilation, waxing, electrolysis and laser technology.
  • Trimming and clipping causes some adverse effects.
  • Shaving may cause bumps on skin.
  • Use of depilatories on regions outside bikini line can cause irritation.
  • Waxing can uproot hair- results persist for a longer duration.
  • Electrolysis- destroys hair root with electric current- pain, swelling, scarring and alterations in skin color may be seen.
  • Laser technology- light passes through skin and is absorbed by melanin in hair follicles. Heat generated by laser breaks the follicle and hair falls out. Adverse effect included- increased sensitivity, occasional peeling, blistering and burning of skin.


Pregnant  women are reported to be more prone to genital infections that may place both mother and fetus at risk

  • Rinse external genital organs 2-3 times a day using warm water and cleansers containing lactic acid.


  • Use of ice, ultrasonic therapy and leg elevation recommended after pregnancy.
  • Regular cleansing, drying and using pads whenever required.
  • Maintain dryness over the suture.
  • DO NOT use creams over the suture.


  • Good hygiene practice.
  • Regular doctor visits
  • Whole body wash with water at room temperature.
  • Heat baths (35-37 C).
  • Staying in open air.
  • Daily intimate washing with warm water.

Follow these simple things and stay clean and protected!

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