When it comes to drug or substance abuse among pregnant women, SMOKING is the most common one pointed out. This condition of smoking during the pregnancy period is very common in the west but it has been noticed that the incidence of smoking in pregnancy is increasing at a very rapid pace in India too.
Woman who smokes during the pregnancy have higher rate of miscarriage. Placental malfunction is the most common form of problems that occurs among the women who smoke as placenta plays an essential part during pregnancy and help in oxygen and nutrition flow. Placental Abruption which causes premature separation of placenta from the uterus. Placental Insufficiency may lead to cause improper supply of blood, oxygen and nutrition to the developing fetus (baby). Under-weight born babies can also be the result of smoking. Cot death is a syndrome which causes an unexplained sudden death of the newborn is very common among the women who smoke during the pregnancy.
Passive Smoking is also something which is worth mentioning in this discussion. Even though a woman is not smoking but if the environment surrounding her contains the the nicotine and carbon monoxide smoke which usually comes from cigarette, can cause almost the same effect on pregnancy.
Due to the above mentioned risks of smoking during pregnancy, its is our duty to persuade women to refrain from smoking. It can really be difficult for anyone to overcome this addiction, but it can never be difficult for a MOTHER.